O’Rourke’s sometimes amusing, sometimes mean-spirited campaign against the bicycle is well-documented. Here is a summary of his problems with bikes; odd how many of them are the very reasons each of us ride….
The Principle Arguments That May be Marshaled Against Bicycles:
1. Bicycles are childish. 2. Bicycles are undignified. 3. Bicycles are unsafe. 4. Bicycles are un-American. 5. I don’t like the kind of people who ride bicycles. 6. Bicycles are unfair. 7. Bicycles are good exercise.
West illustrates the problem by translating human life into watts. “A human being at rest runs on 90 watts,” he says. “That’s how much power you need just to lie down. And if you’re a hunter-gatherer and you live in the Amazon, you’ll need about 250 watts. That’s how much energy it takes to run about and find food. So how much energy does our lifestyle [in America] require? Well, when you add up all our calories and then you add up the energy needed to run the computer and the air-conditioner, you get an incredibly large number, somewhere around 11,000 watts. Now you can ask yourself: What kind of animal requires 11,000 watts to live? And what you find is that we have created a lifestyle where we need more watts than a blue whale. We require more energy than the biggest animal that has ever existed. That is why our lifestyle is unsustainable. We can’t have seven billion blue whales on this planet. It’s not even clear that we can afford to have 300 million blue whales.
stages of life development according to Erik Eriksson
So i’m supposed to be in this stage…
6. Young adulthood: 18 to 35
Ego Development Outcome: Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation
Basic Strengths: Affiliation and Love
In the initial stage of being an adult we seek one or more companions and love. As we try to find mutually satisfying relationships, primarily through marriage and friends, we generally also begin to start a family, though this age has been pushed back for many couples who today don’t start their families until their late thirties. If negotiating this stage is successful, we can experienceintimacy on a deep level.
If we’re not successful, isolation and distance from others may occur. And when we don’t find it easy to create satisfying relationships, our world can begin to shrink as, in defense, we can feel superior to others.
Our significant relationships are with marital partners and friends.
But I think i’m in this stage still….
Adolescence: 12 to 18 Years
Ego Development Outcome: Identity vs. Role Confusion
Basic Strengths: Devotion and Fidelity
Up to this stage, according to Erikson, development mostly depends upon what is done to us. From here on out, development depends primarily upon what we do. And while adolescence is a stage at which we are neither a child nor an adult, life is definitely getting more complex as we attempt to find our own identity, struggle with social interactions, and grapple with moral issues.
Our task is to discover who we are as individuals separate from our family of origin and as members of a wider society. Unfortunately for those around us, in this process many of us go into a period of withdrawing from responsibilities, which Erikson called a “moratorium.” And if we are unsuccessful in navigating this stage, we will experience role confusion and upheaval.
A significant task for us is to establish a philosophy of life and in this process we tend to think in terms of ideals, which are conflict free, rather than reality, which is not. The problem is that we don’t have much experience and find it easy to substitute ideals for experience. However, we can also develop strong devotion to friends and causes.
It is no surprise that our most significant relationships are with peer groups.
Keith Haring: 1978 -1982 Exhibition at the Contemporary Arts Center Cincinnati
The inspirational legacy of Keith Haring will take to the Contemporary Arts Center in Cincinnati with an exhibition titled “Keith Haring: 1978 – 1982.” While Haring’s passing took place over approximately 20 years ago, he has firmly cemented himself as one of the best pop artists of any generation. The exhibition will touch upon his time in New York City from his original home in Pennsylvania, his time in school at the School of Visual Arts, and the relationships he built with the likes of Jean-Michel Basquiat and Kenny Scharf. The exhibition begins on Feb. 26 and runs until Sept. 5, 2011.